#Disease NameEpidemiologyPrognosisRef
1Cancer12.7 million diagnosed globally in 2008 5.80 million deaths globally in 1990
7.98 million deaths globally in 2010
1-3
2Hypertensionabout 1 billion cases globally in 2000
43 million cases in USA in 1995
76 million cases in USA in 2006
The most important preventable risk for premature death globally. 4-6
3Diabetes285 million cases in 2010 globally
Estimated 560 million by 2030
1.0 million deaths globally in 2000
1.4 million deaths globally in 2011
7-9
4Arthritis49.9 million in 2007-2009 in USA The most common cause of disability.
1 million hospitalizations,
45 million outpatient visits,
$100 billion cost/year
10-12
5COPD64 million cases in 2004 globally
329 million cases in 2010 globally
3.1 million deaths globally in 1990
2.9 million deaths globally in 2010
13-15
6Overweight & Obesity500 million obesity globally in 2008
64% of US adults overweight or obese
$190.2 billion or 20.6% of all medical
expenditures in 2005.
16-18
7Metabolic syndrome34% of the adult population, and the prevalence increases with age. Increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases,
particularly heart failure and diabetes.
19-20
8Prostatomergaly50% and 75% of men have histologic
changes or symptoms at age 50 and 80
Cause urination problems and increase
risk of developing prostate cancer
21-22

References

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    clinicians 61 (2): 69–90. doi:10.3322/caac.20107. PMID
  2. Lozano, R (Dec 15, 2012). "Global and regional mortality from 235 causes of death for 20 age groups in 1990 and 2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010".
    Lancet 380 (9859): 2095-128. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(12)61728-0. PMID23245604
  3. WHO (October 2010). "Cancer". World Health Organization.
    Retrieved 5 January 2011
  4. Navar LG (December 2010). "Counterpoint: Activation of the intrarenal renin-angiotensin system is the dominant contributor to systemic hypertension".
    J. Appl. Physiol. 109 (6): 1998-2000; discussion 2015.
  5. Burt VL, Whelton P, Roccella EJ et al. (March 1995). "Prevalence of hypertension in the US adult population. Results from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1991".
    Hypertension 25 (3): 305-13. doi:10.1161/01.HYP.25.3.305. PMID 7875754. Retrieved 5 June 2009.
  6. Lloyd-Jones D, Adams RJ, Brown TM et al. (February 2010). "Heart disease and stroke statistics--2010 update: a report from the American Heart Association".
    Circulation 121 (7): e46-e215. doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.109.192667.
  7. Williams textbook of endocrinology (12th ed.).
    Philadelphia: Elsevier/Saunders. pp. 1371-1435. ISBN 978-1-4377-0324-5.
  8. Wild S, Roglic G, Green A, Sicree R, King H (2004). "Global prevalence of diabetes: Estimates for the year 2000 and projections for 2030".
    Diabetes Care 27 (5): 1047-53. doi:10.2337/diacare.27.5.1047. PMID 15111519
  9. "The top 10 causes of death Fact sheet N 310".
    World Health Organization. July 2013. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
  10. Walsh (7 October 2010). "One in Five Adults Has Arthritis". MedPage Today. based on Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (October 2010). "Prevalence of doctor-diagnosed arthritis and arthritis-attributable activity limitation - United States, 2007-2009".
    MMWR Morb. Mortal. Wkly. Rep. 59 (39): 1261-5. PMID 20930703.
  11. Types of Arthritis The Arthritis Society. Retrieved on 2010-02-05
  12. "Arthritis Drugs". arthritistoday.org. Archived from the original on 22 July 2010.
    Retrieved July 5, 2010.
  13. Vos T, Flaxman AD, Naghavi M, Lozano R, Michaud C, Ezzati M, Shibuya K, Salomon JA, Abdalla S, Aboyans V, et al. (December 2012). "Years lived with disability (YLDs) for 1160 sequelae of 289 diseases and injuries 1990-2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010".
    Lancet 380 (9859): 2163-96. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(12)61729-2
  14. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) Fact sheet N 315". WHO. November 2012.
  15. Lozano R, Naghavi M, Foreman K, Lim S, Shibuya K, Aboyans V, Abraham J, Adair T, Aggarwal R, et al. (December 2012). "Global and regional mortality from 235 causes of death for 20 age groups in 1990 and 2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010".
    Lancet 380 (9859): 2095-128. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(12)61728-0. PMID 23245604
  16. Flegal, K. M.; Carroll, M. D.; Ogden, C. L.; Johnson, C. L. (2002). "Prevalence and Trends in Obesity Among US Adults, 1999-2000".
    JAMA 288 (14): 1723-1727. doi:10.1001/jama.288.14.1723. PMID 12365955.
  17. "Obesity and overweight". World Health Organization. Retrieved April 8, 2009.
  18. Cawley, J, Meyerhoefer, C (January 2012). "The medical care costs of obesity: An instrumental variables approach".
    Journal of Health Economics 31 (1): 219-230. doi:10.1016/j.jhealeco.2011.10.003. PMID 22094013.
  19. MedlinePlus: Metabolic Syndrome
  20. Ford ES, Giles WH, Dietz WH (2002). "Prevalence of metabolic syndrome among US adults: findings from the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey".
    JAMA 287 (3): 356-359. doi:10.1001/jama.287.3.356. PMID 11790215.
  21. www.slideshare.net/uwaisalqornihashimah/prostatomegaly
  22. www.rightdiagnosis.com/medical/prostatomegaly.htm